THE ROLE OF STANDARDS
These seem to lie at the heart of preventive conservation and potentially offer enhanced protection...
CYNICAL VIEW OF REGULATION
One may take a very cynical view of regulation and see pollution control, consumer protection linked to the accretion of regulatory power
Within cultural heritage we should consider:
COST OF REGULATION
It is important to recognise that the cost of regulation dispersed away from the regulatory agency, which may gain financially through licences, validation etc.
In urban air pollution:
When knowledge is not perfect we should take precaution
Yet it is important to recognise the differences between weak and strong precaution - would one take precautions agains panthers loose in Norfolk and carry a hunting rifle?
REWARDS AND SANCTIONS
There are pressure to adopt or enforce standards:
Regulatory agencies justify existence by claiming positive outcomes e.g. The UK Clean Air Act of 1956.
What drives improvements in museums?
THE FORM OF AIR POLLUTION STANDARDS
THE BASIS of 96/62/EC AIR POLLUTION STANDARDS
PRE-REGULATORY STANDARDS IN MUSEUMS
MUSEUM STANDARDS vs 96/62/EC
Can museums follow the pathway of the European environmental standards:
based on scientific findings in position papers
In museums - knowledge sketchy, so justification difficult
specified reference methods papers
In museums - some agreed methods
indicative monotoring papers
In museums - diffusion tube in use
preliminary representative data papers
In museums - representative data available
cost benefit analysis papers
In museums - little formal CBA
The talk then looked at many of the complications that arise in air pollutant damage to objects in museums and how the mechanistics complicate standards.
Standards offer no panacea!
Prof. Peter Brimblecombe
School of Environmntal Sciences
University of Est Anglia
Norwich NR4 7TJ UK
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